Why does it matter?
➡️ Climate change significantly threatens food and nutrition security, particularly impacting low-income countries and vulnerable groups. Unpredictable weather, including droughts and floods, disrupts the entire food supply chain, reducing food accessibility and availability.
➡️ Climate shocks and increased temperatures harm food production systems, affecting livelihoods and consumer access to quality food. By the end of this decade, climate shocks alone could push 132 million people into extreme poverty. In 2022, millions were displaced due to climate-related events like floods and droughts in various regions.
➡️ The intersection of climate change and nutrition is crucial. Climate change affects not only greenhouse gas emissions from food systems but also the nutrient content in food and the cost of fresh produce. It is projected that between 2030 and 2050, climate change will cause 250,000 additional deaths annually (source: WHO) and increase the number of undernourished children by 25 million (source: IFPRI). Child stunting rates could rise dramatically, for instance, a 2°C temperature increase in West Africa is expected to increase stunting prevalence by 7.4%. Rising temperatures also link to increased risks of preterm births and low birth weight.
➡️ Climate change also exacerbates the risk of obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases. Elevated CO2 levels could lead to 175 million more people being zinc deficient and over 1 billion women and children losing significant dietary iron, increasing the risk of anaemia. Food systems, responsible for over one-third of global greenhouse gas emissions, are significantly impacted by dietary habits. Around one-third of food produced is lost or wasted, contributing to 8-10% of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions.
What will be our key actions and strategies before and during COP?
➡️ Engagement with Key Entities - COP Presidency, UNFCCC, member states, civil society, and non-state actors to strengthen the nexus between climate and nutrition.
➡️ Emphasizing the vital connection between climate change and nutrition, and showcasing programmatic initiatives that successfully address both.
➡️ Actively engaging with country and regional delegations to advocate for the inclusion of nutrition in the climate discourse, particularly emphasizing food systems transformation.
➡️ Enhancing the visibility and involvement in the Initiative on Climate and Nutrition (I-CAN) and seeking new opportunities to reach audiences beyond the usual food system sectors. The latest 2023 progress data from the I-CAN initiative to demonstrate the benefits of coherent, integrated strategies for nutrition and climate change, thereby encouraging wider adoption of such approaches.
➡️ Showcasing examples where policy and programmatic efforts have yielded mutual benefits for climate and nutrition, emphasizing the feasibility and impact of integrated approaches
The Emirates Declaration on Sustainable Agriculture, Resilient Food Systems, and Climate Action
A significant initiative proposed by the United Arab Emirates (UAE) for endorsement by world leaders. This declaration is intended for discussion at the upcoming World Climate Action Summit during the 28th Conference of Parties (COP28) to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, scheduled for December 1st.
- The declaration is focused on sustainable agriculture, resilient food systems, and climate action. It is a call to action for global leaders to address these critical issues in an integrated manner.
- It builds upon previous political and expert works in these fields, including outcomes from prior COP meetings, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the 2021 UN Food Systems Summit, and its subsequent review in 2023. The declaration has been developed through extensive consultations and incorporates feedback from various stakeholders, including a Preview Draft circulated in early September 2023.
The UAE invites Heads of State and Government to endorse the declaration by November 29th, 2023. This endorsement is crucial for the planning and success of the Agriculture, Food Systems, and Climate Segment of the World Climate Action Summit.
Advocate for a holistic approach to food systems within the Sharm el-Sheikh Joint Work on Implementation of Climate Action on Agriculture and Food Security (SSJW)
This means including a food systems approach within the agreed SSJW “roadmap”. In the context of the new joint work, taking a food systems approach would at a minimum encompass three key elements: nature-positive food production, healthy sustainable diets and nutrition, and food loss and waste.
Include food systems actions into National Adaptation Plans (NAPs), National Determined Contribution (NDCs), and Long-term Strategies before COP30.
Integrating food systems actions with high potential for both mitigation and adaptation into NAPs, NDCs, and Long-term Strategies means creating and implementing policies and incentives for actions such as sustainable food production, reducing food loss and waste, shifting towards healthy and sustainable diets and improved nutrition, conserving and restoring ecosystems, as well as scaling healthy soil practices.
Social media posts
⚠️#Climatechange is jeopardizing food supplies.🚨Floods, earthquakes, hurricanes, droughts and wildfires are destroying staple food crops, affecting food and #nutrition security. Check out our toolkit and amplify the voices of @SUN_Movement countries: https://new.express.adobe.com/webpage/8bj942rhmXN1V
Climate action can help us achieve a food-secure future and #Nutrition4All. 🌾 🔒 44% of National Nutrition Plans address climate action as a key factor, yet only 5% of Nutrition for Growth commitments consider it. It’s time to support nutrition with climate-focused policies. #COP28
Investing in climate action can advance food security and reduce malnutrition. 💵 🌽 Improving nutrition creates stronger, more resilient populations and increases economic productivity, especially in low and middle-income countries. #COP28
#Nutrition and #climatechange are interlinked🖇️. So how can we address both? @COP28_UAE - Nutrition MUST be built into climate-related resilience policies to avoid a spiraling down 🌀⏬ effect leading to more #malnutrition and less resilience to climate-related shocks.
Food security depends on a sustainable environment in which we can cultivate quality food. ☀️ 🌾 Climate change is impacting nutrition globally, especially in low and middle-income countries, weakening the health and productivity of populations. It’s time to take action. #COP28
Food systems are failing to provide nutritious food for 2.4 million people. It is vital that we work together to make our food systems more sustainable! #COP28 is our time to advocate for lasting change for people and the planet. #Nutrition4All
SUN Countries are showing @COP28_UAE how the integration of #nutrition into climate policies is essential to ensure a better tomorrow. We must encourage collaboration, ensuring the most vulnerable and hardest hit by #climatechange and #nutrition insecurity are part of the response.
Social media handles
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Nutrition at COP28
For COP28, food systems and nutrition actors have scaled up their engagement significantly – with now official COP pavilions dedicated to the topic. There will be several official pavilions either dedicated to food/foodsystems, and featuring key dialogues on nutrition; or expected to feature strong food systems/nutrition focused content:
- The Food Systems Pavilion – led by the Food and Land Use Coalition (FOLU) and ClimEat
- FAO Pavilion
Information on nutrition-related events will be added here
What are the main events where the climate and nutrition agenda will be discussed?
Nov 30: OPENING
Dec 1: World Climate Action Summit
Dec 2: World Climate Action Summit
Dec 3: Health/Relief, Recovery and Peace
Dec 4: Finance/Trade/Gender Equality/Accountability
Dec 5: Energy, Industry, Just Transition, Indigenous Peoples
Dec 6: Multilevel Action, Urbanization and Built environment/Transport
Dec 8: Youth, Children, Education and Skills
Dec 9: Nature, Land Use and Oceans
Dec 10: Food, Agriculture and Water
Dec 11: Final Negociations
📜 The Emirates Declaration on Sustainable Agriculture, Resilient Food Systems, and Climate Action
📜 The Non-State Actors Call to Action for Transforming Food Systems for People, Nature, and Climate, to be launched at COP28
📕 Accelerating action and opening opportunities: a closer integration of climate and nutrition 2023 : I-CAN baseline assessment
📕Discussion Paper: Nutrition and the Environment (UN Nutrition)